Open Geosciences

Special Issue on Hydroinformatics and Water Management

Guest Editors:
Prof. Dr. Muhammad Aqeel Ashraf
Dr. Marlia Mohd Hanafiah


The evolution of human activities, in the foreground of climate changes and growing earth population, induces situations which are more and more complex to manage. The sustainable development and, above all, management of water resources within the context of aquatic environment represents today and will represent within foreseeable future a major challenge for post-industrial economy and social organisation. The essential aim of such management is to avoid, if possible or at least minimize, the risks of crises in water supply and waste water treatment for population, in water scarcity for irrigation, in management of consequences of floods, etc. Hydroinformatics emerges as the central element for the progress of modelling activities and management of capacities on the theoretical side as well as in the operational field. The Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) extend deeply the potential of the tools and at the same time, modify the engineering activities in the water field. The development of the ICT allows for synergetic use of simulation tools and communication technologies within single methodological approach dealing with physical, social and economical aspects.

Hydroinformatics gathers a range of tools that, based on information technologies, may be used to explain exactly what these various groups wish and how engineers can realise these wishes and, especially, what various impacts of realisation could be. Moreover, these tools allow for participation of stakeholders in the process of execution of the projects and there are examples of such participation in recent years. Thus Hydroinformatics became a technology in itself, very specific technology that asks for specific state of mind (or culture) and for specific knowledge. Hydroinformatics is limited to aquatic environments, to water and all with which water interacts. It is a technology, not a science, and we know that technologies often change more rapidly than sciences. Meanwhile it gives to hydraulics and hydrology a chance of synergism with ICT and thus avoids the situation of being simple suppliers of solutions or modelling software to be encapsulated. Socially, such “simple” encapsulations might be disastrous to professionals and institutions in this field because, on the one hand, would not guarantee the scientific quality of the encapsulated material and, on the other hand, it may lead to the death of hydraulic and hydrological research, i.e. to ending all progress in our field.

Aims and Scope

Hydroinformatics is a strongly new discipline that links water and environmental problems with various computational modeling techniques and communication technology to help in solving problems of hydraulics, hydrology and environmental engineering for better management of water-based systems.  Main application areas are flood and river basin management, urban drainage and supply networks, estuaries and coastal waters, rainfall prediction, and groundwater monitoring. Nowadays, few water related projects can be executed without successful integration with computer-based modeling and simulation tools. Hence, using Hydroinformatics is essential in order to support solving problems and better management of water-based systems. Moreover, the application of Computational Intelligence methods comes among the new modeling techniques that have been successfully applied in Hydroinformatics. The ultimate objectives of this issue is to provide the hydrology and computational intelligence communities  with an updated, in-depth material on the application of computer-based modeling and simulation tools as well as Computational Intelligence approaches in the field of Hydroinformatics in order to finding solutions to the challenging and problems facing water related management and monitoring applications.

Contributions will be published in the following areas:

  • Analysis and optimisation of existing sewerage systems
  • Sewerage system simulation
  • Long-term hydrodynamic simulation
  • Surface water hydrology and hydraulics
  • Fluvial modelling and flood protection
  • Groundwater flow and transport modelling
  • Physically-based simulation modelling
  • Risk analysis, fuzzy logic and management of uncertainty
  • Tools, environments and languages
  • Hydroinformatics and non-specialist decision makers
  • Applications of computational intelligence, Data-driven Modeling and Optimization Techniques in aquatic environments
  • Water Remote Sensing and Sensor Technology
  • Advanced Application of Geographical Information Systems and Global Positioning Systems in Water Engineering
  • Monitoring and Early Warning Systems and Disaster Mitigation
  • Risk and Uncertainty Analysis in Hydroinformatics
  • The ethics of Hydroinformatics
  • Real-Time Control and Decision Support Systems for Water Resources and Quality Management
  • Hydroinformatics and Climate Dynamics Impacts
  • Knowledge, Metadata, and Data Management, Model Interoperability, and Standardization
  • Web-based HydroInformatics Smart Environments
  • Fuzzy Rule-Based Flood Forecasting
  • Global and Evolutionary Optimization for Water Management Problems
  • Geographic information systems (GIS) and virtual imaging
  • Ecology and water quality modelling
  • Environmental impact assessment
  • Knowledge engineering and management
  • Socio-economic framework
  • Intelligent decision support, negotiation and management

Submission deadline: June 30, 2016